Linking affect to Action: National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Pannacciulli N, et al. Baseline associations As predicted in Hypothesis 1a, adolescents who had more baseline experience with sexual behavior reported more frequent SEIM use boys: In contrast to prior revisions, DSM V is considering whether addictions can be defined apart from drug-taking — a fundamental shift in the way these disorders have previously been viewed. The neurobiology of appetite: Enhanced resting activity of the oral somatosensory cortex in obese subjects.
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Dysfunctional food reward processing in these individuals is thought to contribute to and represent a neurobiological substrate to pathological eating and obesity. Pleasantness and palatability of the food also can be dissociated from hunger e. Homeostatic and Hedonic Control of Eating. Dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens has been shown after administration of most substances of abuse and is thought to mediate the rewarding properties of drugs e. Similar findings and association between receptor availability and metabolism had been observed in drug-addicted individuals [, ], and the loss of inhibitory control and the compulsive drug-seeking in these individuals were suggested to be related to the changes in striatal dopamine function and orbitofrontal cortex metabolism. Similarity between obesity and drug addiction as assessed by neurofunctional imaging: Medical research places addictions in the context of disorders, not as a part of natural and productive behaviors.